Development of a Model of Asthma Management in Children Based on Beliefs by Parents in The Concept of The Health Belief Model

  • Sandi Alfa Wiga STIKes Patria Husada Blitar

Abstract

Introduction: Asthma in children causes loss of school days, and also causes growth in children. Parents have a responsibility to manage asthma, they need asthma management education for children who can increase their wisdom in managing it. The research objective was to develop a model of asthma management education in children based on beliefs in the concept of the Health Belief Model. Method: quasi-experimental research with 66 respondents, probability sampling method through simple random sampling. Using 3 HBM model development questionnaires belief, threat and behavior. Statistical analysis : using a paired t-test, Mann Whitney test, linear regression adjusted for each variable studied in developing HBM. Results and Analysis : education on trust (p <0.001), confidence in threats (p = 0.001), threats towards behavior (p <0.001), educational influence on behavior (p <0.001). Discussion and Conclusion: Parents' beliefs about their ability to discuss existing problems are very important to overcome recurrence. Increased confidence in skills, increased satisfaction and self-confidence, with an effective increase in good conditions by children with asthma.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. (2008). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2007. Laporan Nasional 2007. Jakarta.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2013. Laporan Nasional 2013. Jakarta.

Brown, N., Gallagher, R., Fowler, C., & Wales, S. (2010). The role of parents in managing asthma in middle childhood: An important consideration in chronic care. Collegian, 17(2), 71–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2010.04.006

Brown, N., Gallagher, R., Fowler, C., & Wales, S. (2014). Asthma management self-efficacy in parents of primary school-age children. Journal of Child Health Care, 18(2), 133–144. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493512474724

Buchner, P. D. A. (2010). Universität Düsseldorf: G*Power. Retrieved December 14, 2017, from http://www.gpower.hhu.de/en.html

Champion, V., & Skinner, C. (2008). The Health Belief Model. In Health behavior and health education : theory, research, and practice (p. 613).

Chipps, B. E., Haselkorn, T., Rosén, K., Mink, D. R., Trzaskoma, B. L., & Luskin, A. T. (2018). Asthma Exacerbations and Triggers in Children in TENOR: Impact on Quality of Life. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, 6(1), 169–176.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2017.05.027

Conn, K. M., Halterman, J. S., Lynch, K., & Cabana, M. D. (2007). The Impact of Parents’ Medication Beliefs on Asthma Management. Pediatrics, 120(3), e521–e526. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-3023

Conner, M., & Norman, P. (2005). Predicting Health Behaviour. (M. Conner & P. Norman, Eds.) (2nd ed.). New York: Open University Press.

Dharmayanti, I., Hapsari, D., & Azhar, K. (2013). Asma pada anak di Indonesia : penyebab dan pencetus Asthma among children in Indonesia :causes and triggers. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional, Volume 9(29), 320–326.

Fawcett, R., Porritt, K., Campbell, J., & Carson, K. (2017). Experiences of parents and carers in managing asthma in children: a qualitative systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 15(3), 657–665. https://doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-002999

Garbutt, J. M., Banister, C., Highstein, G., Sterkel, R., Epstein, J., Bruns, J., … Bloomberg, G. R. (2010). Telephone Coaching for Parents of Children With Asthma. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 164(7), 625–630. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.91

GINA. (2018). GLOBAL STRATEGY FOR Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention.

Glanz, K., & Rimer, B. K. (2012). Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion Practice. National Cancer Institute; U.s. Department of Health and Human Services; National Health (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Create Space Independent Publishing Platform. https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.25.21.9532

Horn, I. B., Mitchell, S. J., Gillespie, C. W., Burke, K. M., Godoy, L., & Teach, S. J. (2014). Randomized trial of a health communication intervention for parents of children with asthma. Journal of Asthma, 51(9), 989–995. https://doi.org/10.3109/02770903.2014.930881

IDAI. (2007). Asma anak. Pedoman Nasional Asma Anak, 2.

Iio, M., Hamaguchi, M., Narita, M., Takenaka, K., & Ohya, Y. (2016). Tailored Education to Increase Self-Efficacy for Caregivers of Children With Asthma: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Computers, Informatics, Nursing : CIN, (January), 36–44. https://doi.org/10.1097/CIN.0000000000000295

ISAAC. (2013). ISAAC Tools. Retrieved February 25, 2018, from http://isaac.auckland.ac.nz/resources/tools.php?menu=tools1

Luskin, A. T., Chipps, B. E., Rasouliyan, L., Miller, D. P., Haselkorn, T., & Dorenbaum, A. (2014). Impact of asthma exacerbations and asthma triggers on asthma-related quality of life in patients with severe or difficult-to-treat asthma. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. In Practice, 2(5), 544-52–2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2014.02.011

Määttä, S., Ray, C., Vepsäläinen, H., Lehto, E., Kaukonen, R., Ylönen, A., & Roos, E. (2018). Parental education and pre-School children’s objectively measured sedentary time: The role of co-participation in physical activity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020366

Page, P. M., Broek, J. L., Bousquet, J., Baena-Cagnani, C. E., Bonini, S., Canonica, G. W., … Schünemann, H. J. (2017). Global Strategy For Asthma Management and Prevention. Global Initiative for Asthma (Vol. 126). https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00138707

Putu, N. L. E. (2012). Analisis Faktor-faktor Pemicu Dominan Terjadinya Serangan Asma Pada Pasien Asma. Universitas Indonesia.

Searle, A., Jago, R., Henderson, J., & Turner, K. M. (2017). Children’s, parents’ and health professionals’ views on the management of childhood asthma: A qualitative study. Npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, 27(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41533-017-0053-7

Setiyorini, E. (2012). Pengaruh Pendekatan Model Intervensi Keluarga Calgary terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan, Sikap, Praktik Manajemen Asma dan Derajat Kontrol Asma Pada Anak. Universitas Airlangga.

Singh, S., Jindal, S., & Goyal, J. P. (2017). Risk Factors for Bronchial Asthma in School Going Children. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 84(11). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-017-2400-7

Urrutia-Pereira, M., Mocellin, L. P., de Oliveira, R. B., Simon, L., Lessa, L., & Solé, D. (2018). Knowledge on asthma, food allergies, and anaphylaxis: Assessment of elementary school teachers, parents/caregivers of asthmatic children, and university students in Uruguaiana, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Allergologia et Immunopathologia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2017.09.018

Vale, S., Ricardo, N., Soares-Miranda, L., Santos, R., Moreira, C., & Mota, J. (2014). Parental education and physical activity in pre-school children. Child: Care, Health & Development, 40(3), 446–452. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12041

WHO. (2017). WHO | Asthma. WHO. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/entity/mediacentre/factsheets/fs307/en/
Published
2018-12-28
How to Cite
WIGA, Sandi Alfa. Development of a Model of Asthma Management in Children Based on Beliefs by Parents in The Concept of The Health Belief Model. Journal of Global Research in Public Health, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 84-93, dec. 2018. ISSN 2599-2880. Available at: <http://ojs.stikesstrada.ac.id/index.php/JGRPH/article/view/61>. Date accessed: 24 jan. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.30994/jgrph.v3i2.61.
Section
Articles